By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Men have been trying their best to find out substitutes for jute but their efforts have not been so successful. It is so called because of its shiny brown colour. •This type of jute fibre grows in the district of Mymensingh, Dhaka and Comilla. (b) Uniform light golden to reddish colour, fine texture, strong and good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, completely free from any blemish. It mainly grows in the district of Faridpur. Jute is environmentally friendly as well as being one of … Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. Introduction. Bangla White-A (BW-A): White to light cream, fine texture, strong and very good lustre, clean, completely free from red ends and any blemish. The fibre is extracted from the bark of the stem of various jute species and goes through an elaborate processing cycle before becoming a finished jute product. Fibres which are obtained from stem or bark of certain vegetable plants, are called bast fibres. Jute seed. ; Jute (Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L.) is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India.Exported as goods and as raw fibre. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. Bangla White-E (BW-E): Any colour, any strength but free from perished fibres, unretted jute. There are two types of it, such as–. It is made of cellulose and lignin plant material. Which one is an important rabi crop? An olitorius jute crop producing 3 t ha-1 of dry fibre absorbs 111 kg N, 64 kg P 2 O 5. The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Raw jute was originally considered as a … Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. Jute – Golden Fiber of Bangladesh. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. It is a kind of fiber. Jute grows very fast as compared to other products. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. Jute is a wonderful crop in the world. And as a result of the non-ending researches, m... Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or. Bangla White-C (BW-C): Light grey or light reddish to straw colour, clean, sound strength, average lustre, clean but free from croppy or hard gummy, tops and roots and red soft ends are permissible. Mineral oil is the commonly used lubricant, applied as an emulsion in water. •This type of jute is mainly low quality, hairy and little in length. Jute is environmentally friendly as well as being one of the most affordable fibres; jute plants are easy to grow, have a high yield per acre and, unlike cotton, have little need for pesticides and fertilizers. Cotton provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. Cultivation is dependent on the climate, season, and soil. বাংলাদেশে তুলা উৎপাদনের ইতিহাস ও ধ্বংসের কারণ, Top Listed Textile Blogs and Websites on the Web. Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or cash-crop of Bangladesh because of it's quality and demand. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. in between the river Ganga and Brahmaputra. Bangla Tossa-D(BT-D): Mixed colours, average strength, occasional bark and specks allowable but free from runners, croppy and gummy tops permissible, rough cut and hackled but free from black root ends. Jute is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India. Incessant researches are being carried out to ensure a beautiful, vibrant and improved life. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. Such as–. Which among the following is a fibre crop? It belongs to the bast fiber category. Jute is rightly called the second important fibre crop of India or the golden fibre. With a grin he explained that jute is the only crop where earnings begin to trickle in way before the final harvest. Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Corchorus capsularis) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). https://www.britannica.com/plant/jute-plant. Raw jute from which roots have not been cut. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta. Free Scholarships to Study Abroad | Browse Now! The crop is mainly grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Jute (Corchorus sp. c. Varieties: JRC-321 (Sonali), JRC-212 (Sabuj sona), JRC 7447 (Shyamli), D154, Hybrid C (Padma), KC1 (joydev) etc. | How to write a research paper? Among them jute predominates in all respects such as production, manufacture, export, crop area, technology, economy, and industry. Jute, and mesta are the major cash crops of Bangladesh. Bangla White-D (BW-D): Any colour, average strength, occasional bark and specks permissible, slightly croppy and gummy tops permissible and red ends also permissible. •These types of jute are considered to be best and finest in quality having strong, bald and lustrous fibres. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae. JUTE CULTIVATION 15. Introduction • Jute is a type of vegetable fiber used to make items such as rope, twine, carpet, rugs and much more. Jute is a bast fibre, like flax and hemp, and the stems are processed in a similar way. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. ii) Soft district: This type of jute grows in the district of Noakhali, Pabna, Barisal, lower Comilla and part of Dhaka. 14. (b) Light grey or reddish excluding dark grey colour, sound clean, good texture, average lustre, clean cut and well hackled, free from any defects. • Jute is one of the cheapest and the strongest of all natural fibers and considered as fibre of the future. Jute, either of two species of Corchorus plants belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae), and their fiber. The crop is ready for harvesting when the flowers begin to fade. which type jute is more popular : white jute: 10: Family: Fabiaceae/ Tilliacea: 11: Most important fiber crop in India. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. Jute is a crop which can save the planet from being polluted by the products which are produced by the polluting factories. Environment-friendly and bio-degradable, jute is an important cash crop for India and Bangladesh, exported to many foreign countries. From the Jute, various lifestyle products are being produced and diversified in to various forms, due to R&D support and also due the support by Govt Organisations. Jute: 12: Which type climate is Required : warm & humid: 13: Fibre is obtained from … by retting: Phloem: 14: Jute is a : Parenchymatus fibre. It is the crop of hot and humid climate and is exported as goods and as a raw fibre. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. It is obtained from the bark of jute plants. C-bottoms: Medium strength and any colour but free from runners and croppiness. About Jute. Jute is one of the important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. It is the fiber used to make hessian sacks and garden twine. The crop also suits well in crop rotation. Major Jute producing countries in the world: Major producing countries are Bangladesh (Mymensingh, Rangpur, Dhaka, Faridpur, Jessore, Pabna) and India (West Bengal, Cooch Bihar, Tripura, Assam and Orissa). 22. Bast fibre s are those fibre s which are collected from the bast or skin from the secondary phloem of the plant. The districts quality jute which is next to the jat with a soft, hair and light fibre. Bangla Tossa-E(BT-E): Any colour, any strength but free from unretted jute and stick and perished fibers. Jute fibers are detrimental to the abrasive wear resistance of PP which exhibits a far greater energy to fracture and can thus accommodate plastic strain generated under the abrasive conditions to a greater extent. b. Jute crop does not have hybrid seeds. The fibre after drying is taken to Jute mills, for getting converted to Jute yarn and Hessian /Gunny Fabrics/ bags. It is very easy and cheap to produce. Jute twine in varying weights and thickness is, used extensively both in India and abroad for sewing, tying, and for a variety of industrial applications such as packing pipe joints, cable binding, etc. The cultivation of jute improves soil fertility status by shedding its leaves in the field. Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. Jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days (April/May-July/August) to grow. It is mainly composed cellulose and lignin. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. It is also called golden fibre. The jute fibers are located beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central parts of the stalk. Bangla Tossa-C (BT-C): Mixed colours, average strength, occasional bark and soft specks allowable but free from runners, slightly croppy and gummy tops permissible, well cut and hackled but free from black root ends. 199 kg K 2 O, 175 kg CaO and 42 kg Mg ha-1. The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible. Edible leaves. (a) Uniform sliver grey to golden colour, fine texture, strong and good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, completely free from any blemish. Jute is a crop of warm and humid climate which is grown in rainfed situation during summer to early rainy season (mid March to end of July). Coir, pineapple leaf fibre, banana stem fibre, and kapok fibre are used for different purposes. ), the most important bast (phloem) fiber crop in the world, produces long and shiny fibers that attract diversified product manufacturing companies, including textile and paper.Jute crop improvement research slowed down after facing hurdles of genome complexity, incompatibility among species, and a recalcitrant nature in the tissue culture of jute. It is essential for almost every country. On the basis of quality of raw jute which are in practice: a) Pucca grading and b) Kucha grading. JUTE CULITVATION Jute is a rainy season crop, sown from March to May according to rainfall and type of land. Jute is a natural vegetable fibre. Jute is considered as the golden fiber. টেক্সটাইল ইঞ্জিনিয়ারদের কাজ করার সুযোগ ও পর্যাপ্ত চাহিদা, বিসিএসে টেক্সটাইল ক্যাডার এখন সময়ের চাহিদা মাত্র. কিভাবে গবেষণা পেপার লিখবো? (a) Single crop (b) Large area (c) Produce raw material for industries (d) All of the above (d) All of the above 24. Fertiliser Schedule : Response of jute to nitrogen is universal and improved varieties of olitorius are more responsive to nitrogen than capsularis. Other countries are Myanmar, Nepal, China, Taiwan, Brazil, Indonesia and Thailand. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. Jute Cultivation Guide: Jute Cultivation. Let's take a closer look at exactly how this fibre is cultivated, the type of fabrics it makes and just why it's so eco-friendly. Jute is an amazing fibre - it's incredibly sustainable, it's affordable, it's fast-drying and it's breathable. Fertile region necessary for jute production is shared by India and Bangladesh. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. (a) Light to medium grey colour, sound clean, good texture, average lustre, clean cut and well hackled, free from any defects. The two species of the jute plant do not differ much except in … Cellulose produced from jute can be used to suffice the demand of wood around the world. Bangla White-B (BW-B): Light cream to straw colour, good texture, strong and good lustre, well-hackled and free from blemish and red ends excluded. Which one of the following is the feature of plantation agriculture? Esparto, a fiber from a grass; Jute, widely used, it is the cheapest fiber after cotton; Flax, produce linen; Indian hemp, the Dogbane used by Native Americans; Hemp, a soft, strong fiber, edible seeds; Hoopvine, also used for barrel hoops and baskets, edible leaves, medicine; Kenaf, the interior of the plant stem is used for its fiber. Thus the production of jute fiber assumes high socio-economic significance in our country. • Raw jute is the natural fibre which is extremely eco- friendly. A) Biology of Jute. •This type of jute is grown in the district of Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Bogra and Pabna etc. Rough cut and hackled bark and hard centre permissible. It is most affordable natural fiber and is 100% biodegradable. Jute is also known as the golden fiber of India. Jute is known as the ‘Golden Fiber’ due to its golden brown color and its importance. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. But it (a) Rubber (b) Jute (c) Tomato (d) Coffee (b) Jute 23. Bangla White special (BWS): White or creamy, finest texture, very good lustre, clean, well-hackled, completely free from any. It hardly takes 4-6 months. Together with C. capsularis it is the primary source of jute fiber. Cotton and jute are the two most important fibre crops of India. The golden fibers are cultivated by sowing seeds in the fields. While there are a few different botanical varieties of jute, one of the main species used to make jute fabric is Corchorus olitorius (white jute). Raw jute was originally considered as a source of raw material for packaging industries only. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. B-bottoms: Sound fiber, medium strength, not suitable for higher grade (White 35% Tossa 25%). d. For fibre purpose – jute is harvest before flowering . Bangla Tossa special (BTS): Uniform golden or reddish colour, finest texture, very strong, very good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, and completely free from any defects. Jute fibres have a low natural content of fats and waxes and some added lubrication is essential for good yarn regularity. Jute dicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. Texpedi.com | A reliable source of learning textiles, Graphene -A miracle material of the 21st century: A review. Such as –Jute, flax, hemp, ramie, kenaf etc. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. • So it is called Golden Fibre. i) Hard district: The hard district jute is better than the soft district. Jute Fibre. In India, Ganga delta region is excellent for jute cultivation as this region has fertile alluvium soil & favourable temperature along with sufficient rainfall. This fertile geographic region is shared … Jute fiber’s primary use is in fabrics for packaging a wide range of agricultural and industrial commodities that require bags, sacks, packs, and wrappings. In terms of usage, production and global consumption, jute is second only to cotton. Classification of jute according to Geographical distribution in Bangladesh: There are three types of jute according to their quality. X-bottoms: Weak, harsh jute but free from tangled jute and stick. It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. 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Or the golden fibre '' or cash-crop of Bangladesh, exported to many foreign countries ) Kucha grading obtained! Being polluted by the products which are in practice: a ) Rubber ( b ) Kucha grading extremely! And industry Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Bogra and Pabna etc family Malvaceae fast compared! And considered as fibre of the 21st century: a ) Pucca grading and b ) 23.
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